Salaah Behind a non-Sunni
The following three (3) questions, hereunder, have been posed by Omar Tar of Westville, Durban, South Africa to Hazrat Allama Mufti Mohammad Akhtar Raza Khan Qadri Azhari on the 19th of December 1992. His Eminence replied to the questions in Durban, South Africa, on the 19th of December 1992.
1 & 2:
No. Absolutely not. It is not permissible to read Namaaz behind a Deobandi Aalim on any account. Namaaz performed behind a Deobandi Aalim as well as behind unbelievers is totally incorrect.
A question was posed to A'la Hazrat (radi Allahu anhu) concerning performance of Namaaz behind a Gustakhe-Rasool. In answer to this, A'la Hazrat (radi Allahu anhu) has clearly stated in "Ahkaam-e-Shari'ah", Vol. 1, page 128, Masalah 52, that: "He who recites the Quran incorrectly by changing it's meaning, or does not perform proper Wudhu or Ghusal or refutes a basic principle of Deen; Sects such as Wahabi, Shia, Gair Muqallid, Qadiani - behind these people, one's Namaaz is Baatil."
Elaborating further on the non-permissibility of Salaah behind corrupt Sects, A'la Hazrat (radi Allahu anhu), on page 129 of the same Kitaab, further comments: "This is contrary to the first type, eg. Deobandis, etc. Neither is their Salaah (considered to be) Salaah, nor is Salaah behind them (considered) Salaah. If for Jummah or Eidain (a Deobandi is an Imam) and no other Muslims are found, then it is compulsory to refrain from performing the Jummah and Eidain. In the place of Jummah, one should perform the Zohar and there is no substitution for Eidain."
"An Imaam is that Imaam who is a Sunni possessing correct beliefs, correct cleanliness, correct recital of Quran and who comprehends the laws of Salaah and cleanliness and is not a Fasiq. He should not possess any physical or spiritual defect, which distances people from him. This is the comprehensive answer to this issue. Almighty Allah is the Possessor of all Knowledge."
Ahmed Raza (may Almighty Allah forgive him)
21 Muharram-ul-Haraam 1339 A.H.
So strict was A'la Hazrat's (radi Allahu anhu) command concerning these individuals that in the above Kitaab, Vol 2., page 178, Masalah 83, A'la Hazrat (radi Allahu anhu) has even considered that person an open Fasiq (Sinner) and unable to make Imaamat, who deliberately meets and eat with corrupt Sects.
Under such conditions, if a person by just wilfully meeting and eating with a Gustakhe Rasool, imagine his condition of Imaan if he intentionally reads Namaaz behind persons of corrupt Sects and, even then, does not consider his actions to be incorrect!
What Tahirul Qadri says regarding performance of Namaaz behind Gustakhe-Rasool come true to Deobandis also and the word "Gustakhe-Rasool" is applicable to Deobandis certainly as they have committed disrespect to the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).
Deobandis have refuted the Holy Prophet Muhammad's (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) Knowledge of the Unseen and they have likened his knowledge to that of "animals and madmen" as it is clear by the study of "Hifzul Imaan", written by Molvi Ashraf Ali Thanvi.
Deobandis have considered the Knowledge of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) to be reduced in comparison with Shaitaan and Malakul Maut (Angel of Death). Deobandis have regarded that the knowledge of Shaitaan and Malakul Maut to be increased by the categorical injunction of the Holy Quran. In the meantime, they say that there is no injunction concerning the knowledge of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). Study "Baraheene Qaatiya" written by Khalil Ahmed Ambetwi.
Deobandis do not consider the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) as the Last Messenger of Almighty Allah, whereas it has been unanimously considered to be a principle of Religion from the beginning till this time.
Therefore, the Ulema of Makka and Medina, etc. have unanimously stated that these persons who have such beliefs have become infidels (Kaafirs).
Likewise, whosoever doubts the infidelity of these persons he is also an infidel, as it is written in detail in "Husaamul Haramain", "Tamheed-e-Imaan", etc. by A'la Hazrat (radi Allahu anhu), the Reviver of Islam.
Now you can derive the rule concerning Tahirul Qadri and you can easily note that he himself has violated the rule which he himself told you regarding the Gustakhe-Rasool, as he himself performs Namaaz behind Deobandis who are slanderers (Gustakhe-Rasool) against the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) and considers it as permissable. So the above Fatawa of the Ulama-e-Haramain, etc. is applicable to Tahirul Qadri as he committed infidelity doing such and stating so in concern of performance of Namaaz behind Deobandis.
If Tahirul Qadri refutes the Fatawa of Ulema-e-Haramain, then he appears as a person refusing the consensus of the Ulema-e-Islam and going astray from the Deen of Islam. However, he must put a plea to establish his claim if he considers Deobandis as Muslims.
A Sunni is he who does not have any Kufree Aqidah, who does not defame or slander the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), and who does not consider Deobandis and non-Believers as Muslims. To read Namaaz behind him is permissable provided that he should be able to be an Imaam (one who leads the prayer) no matter where he has qualified from.
[Mufti] Mohammad Akhtar Raza Khan Qadiri Azhari