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RECITATION OF SALAAT, SITTING AT THE TIME OF IQAAMAH, RECITATION OF
KALIMA LOUDLY


QUESTION:

The following practices exist in our Masjid,

1. “Salaat” is said after the Azaan 10 minutes before Jamaat starts.
2. At the time of Iqaamat, the Imaam comes and sits on the Musalla.
3. People stand for Salaah when “Hayya alas-Salaah Hayya alal-Falaah” is said.
4. After the Du'a, Kalima Shareef is recited loudly in group.

What is the ruling of the Ulema and Muftis of Islam on these practices?

Muhammed Yaseen Hajee Abdul-Majeed, etc.
Saharanpur, U.P.


ANSWER:

(1)

Saying “Salaat” is permissible and praiseworthy. In Fiqhi terms, this is known as “Tasweeb” meaning to inform Muslims of Salaah for a second time through proclamation. No specific word or phrase is set for this, rather it is based on the practice (Urf) of areas. In whatever manner informing is repeated and prevalent, it is Tasweeb, whether through a general practice, e.g. saying Salaat or a specific method, e.g. someone says, “Azaan is finished”, “Jamaat is to start”, “Imaam has come” or any statement or action in which informing for a second time is found.

The permissibility of “Tasweeb” and saying “Salaat” etc. is found in Fiqhi books of the A'imma. The writers of the books, Absaar, Waqaaya, Niqaaya, Gurarul-Ahkaam, Kanz, Guraru-Azkaar, Waafi, Multaqi, Islaah, Noorul-Idaah, Durre-Muhktaar, Raddul-Muhtaar, Tahtaawi, Inaayah, Nihaayah, Gunniah Sharah Munniya, Sugaira Bahrur Raaiq, Nahrul-Faaiq, Tabyeenul-Haqaaiq, Barjundi, Qohistaani, Durar, Ibn Malik, Kaafi, Mujtabaa, Idaah, Imdaadul-Fataah, Maraaqil-Falaah, Haashia Maraaqi lit-Tahtaawi, Fatawa Zaheeria, Khaania, Khulaasa, Khazaanatul-Mufteen, Jawahirul-Akhlaati, Alamghiri, etc. have all proven Tasweeb's permissibility. In short, the general body of latter Ulema are agreed on the permissibility of Tasweeb. The book Mukhtasar Waqaaya states,



In the Sharah (annotation) of the book Waafi, Imaam Nasafi states,



Saying “Salaat” is admonition after informing, just as how the Holy Prophet (Sallal Laahu Alayhi Wasallam) allowed “As-Salaatu Khairum minan-Nawm”, to be included in the Fajr Salaah. (Reported by Sayyiduna Bilal Radi Allahu Anhu - in Mujame-Kabeer by Imaam Tabrani)

The book Hidaaya states:



In short, this is not something to divide Muslims or create mischief amongst them. He who brands this to be Bidat (innovation) or impermissible is ignorant and severely negligent of the Shari'ah's desires.

Deobandis object and prohibit saying “Salaat” because “As-Salaatu was Salaamu alaika Ya Rasoolallah” is said in it. According to them, anything, which demonstrates the greatness of Rasoolullah (Sallal Laahu Alayhi Wasallam), is impermissible. They reject demonstrating the grandeur of the Holy Prophet (Sallal Laahu Alayhi Wasallam). Their Imaam writes, “Praise him (Rasoolullah) only with human homage. Curtail even this also.” (Taqwiyatul-Imaan, pg. 85)

How then can Deobandis endure saying, “Ya Rasoolallah, Ya Habiballah”!

(2) and (3)

To stand during Iqaamat is Makrooh. The Ulema have ruled that he who enters the Masjid whilst the Iqaamat is being said shouldn't remain standing until it is completed. Rather he should sit down and stand when the Mukabir reaches “Hayya alal-Falaah”. The books Muheet and Hindiya state:



“The Imaam and Muqtadis must stand when the Mu'azzin recites “Hayya alal- Falaah”. This is correct according to our three Imaams, i.e. Imaam Abu Hanifa, Abu Yusuf and Muhammad.” (Translation of the Arabic)

Jaami'ul-Muzmiraat, Fatawa Alamghiri and Raddul-Muhtaar state:




The above rule about the person who enters the Masjid whilst the Iqaamat is being said, is when the Imaam is also present in the Masjid at the time of Iqaamat. If the Imaam is not present, Iqaamat mustn't be said until the Imaam is seen coming. No one should stand before this time also as the Holy Prophet (Sallal Laahu Alayhi Wasallam) said,

When the Imaam does come and the Iqaamat is commenced, there can be two situations,

(A) If the Imaam enters the Masjid from the direction of the Saffs (meaning from behind), the Saff he passes by is to stand.
(B) If he enters from the front, (meaning in front of all the Saffs), as soon as he is seen, all are to stand. (Alamghiri)

The Deobandi Sect acts contrary to this and stands from when Iqaamat is commenced.

(4)

Reciting the Kalima Shareef loudly after Namaaz is permissible. Hazrat Abdullah bin Zubair (Radi Allahu Anhu) narrates that after making Salaam in Namaaz, the Holy Prophet (Sallal Laahu Alayhi Wasallam) used to audibly recite,




(Muslim Shareef)

Therefore, we come to know that the Kalima Shareef can be loudly recited.

 

Written by
Hazrat Allama Qaadi Muhammad Abdur-Raheem Bastawi
Markazi Darul-Ifta
2 Jamaadul-Ukhraa 1420 A.H.

Certified by
Huzoor Taajush-Shari'ah Allama Muhammed Akhtar Raza Qadri