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AMBIYA


QUESTION:

1. Zaid, who is the Imaam and Khateeb of a Masjid said in a lectue. “The Qur'an has mentioned very few names of the Ambiya.” Bakr replied, “The Qur'an has mentioned names of Hazrat Yusuf (Alayhis Salaam) and Ayub (Alayhis Salaam).” Zaid then said, “The name of Hazrat Yusuf (Alayhis Salaam) appears in the Holy Qur'an but Hazrat Ayub's (Alayhis Salaam) name doesn't.” Bakr responded, “His name has also been mentioned”, and this response silenced Zaid. Now the supporters of Bakr are saying that Zaid is not fit for being the Imaam whereas those against Bakr are saying that remembering everything all at one time is not necessary.

2. How many names of the Ambiya has the Holy Qur'an mentioned?

3. What is the number of the Ambiya whose names are not mentioned in the Holy Qur'an and what belief must the Ummah have about them?

4. Are all the previous Ambiya and Rasools the Ummatis of our beloved Prophet (Sallal Laahu Alayhi Wasallam)? Zaid says that all the Ambiya are the Ummatis of the Final Messenger (Sallal Laahu Alayhi Wasallam). However, Bakr says that Hazrat Esa (Alayhis Salaam) wasn't an Ummati but will come to earth as an Ummati.

5. Explaining the excellence of Sayyida Maryam, a Moulana Saheb said, “She was a noble, virtuous women and an unblemished virgin and on the Day of Resurrection, she will be resurrected as a virgin”. Bakr says that after she gave birth to Hazrat Esa (Alayhis Salaam), she is definitely not a virgin. He also said the Maulana Saheb to repent from his statement.

Muhammad Tayib
India


ANSWER:

(1)


For the guidance of mankind, Allah has sent many Ambiya to this earth and the Holy Qur'an has mentioned a few of their names also: “And verily, we have sent many Rasools before you. There are some from them whom we have mentioned to you and some we have not. It is not the quality of a Rasool to come with a sign without Allah's command. Therefore, when the order of Allah comes, a correct decision will be given and the people of falsehood will be ruined there.” (Surah Mumin, Verse 78)

Hazrat Yusuf (Alayhis Salaam) and Ayub (Alayhis Salaam) are from amongst them. Knowing the rules of Tahaarat (cleanliness) and Namaaz as well as how to recite the Holy Qur'an correctly and acting in accordance to the Shari'ah is the condition for making Imaamat. Knowing all the branches of knowledge is not the condition for making Imaamat. So, based on this, Namaaz behind Zaid will not be impermissible.

(2)

The names of the Ambiya which have clearly been mentioned in the Holy Qur'an follows: Hazrat Adam (Alayhis Salaam), Nooh (Alayhis Salaam), Ibrahim (Alayhis Salaam), Ismaeel (Alayhis Salaam), Ishaaq (Alayhis Salaam), Yaqoob (Alayhis Salaam), Yusuf (Alayhis Salaam), Moosa (Alayhis Salaam), Haroon (Alayhis Salaam), Shuaib (Alayhis Salaam), Loot (Alayhis Salaam), Hood (Alayhis Salaam), Dawood (Alayhis Salaam), Sulaiman (Alayhis Salaam), Ayub (Alayhis Salaam), Zakariya (Alayhis Salaam), Yahya (Alayhis Salaam), Esa (Alayhis Salaam), Ilyaas (Alayhis Salaam), Al-Yasaa (Alayhis Salaam), Yunus (Alayhis Salaam), Idrees (Alayhis Salaam), Zul-Kifl (Alayhis Salaam), Saleh (Alayhis Salaam), Uzair (Alayhis Salaam), Muhammad Mustapha (Sallal Laahu Alayhi Wasallam).

(3)

Besides the above names, the Holy Qur'an doesn't mention the names of the other Ambiya. To fix a constant number of Ambiya is not permissible because information regarding this issue is contrasting. So, in having Imaan on only the fixed amount of Ambiya there is a possibility of believing a non-Nabi to be a Prophet or someone who is a Prophet to not have Prophethood and both these things is Kufr. In one narration the amount of Ambiya is said to be 124000 whilst in another it is said to be 224 000. The book Nibraas states:


(pg. 281)

Therefore having this belief, “We have Imaan on every Nabi and Rasool of Allah”, is necessary.

(4)

Zaid's statement that all the Ambiya and Rasools are the Ummatis of Rasoolullah (Sallal Laahu Alayhi Wasallam) is true and correct. Our beloved Prophet (Sallal Laahu Alayhi Wasallam) is the Nabi of all Prophets and all the Ambiya are his Ummatis. All the Ambiya worked in the capacity of being Rasoolullah's (Sallal Laahu Alayhi Wasallam) deputies in their respective times. Allah states:

“And remember when Allah took the pledge of the Prophets, 'When I grant you the Kitaab and Wisdom, then comes to you the Rasool who certifies your Books, you must definitely bring Imaan upon him and definitely help him. Do you accept and have taken My major responsibility on it?' All of them said, 'We accept.' Then was said, 'Become witnesses for each other and I am also a witness with you.'” (Surah Aale-Imraan, Verse 81)

Based on this, Hazrat Esa (Alayhis Salaam) was also an Ummati. So saying that he wasn't is not correct. Yes, when Hazrat Esa (Alayhis Salaam) will come to earth for a second time, he will still come as an Ummati.

(5)

Bakr's statement is wrong and false and the statement of Zaid is correct and true. Even after the birth of Hazrat Esa (Alayhis Salaam), Sayyidah Maryam was a virgin, remained as one, will be resurrected as one and will enter Paradise a virgin to be blessed in the Nikah of Rasoolullah (Alayhis Salaam). Her glory is:

(Surah Maryam, Verse 20)

Fataawa Zaheeria and Raddul-Muhtar state,



“A women who hasn't had sexual-intercourse, out of Nikah or within it, is known as a virgin.”

 

Written by
Moulana Muhammed Yunus Raza
1 Jamaadul-Oola 1420 A.H.

Certified by
Huzoor Tajush Shariah, Allama Akhtar Raza Khan Azhari
Qaadhi Abdur-Raheem Bastawi
Moulana Muzaffar Husain